Politics and Society/Demographic Change

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[edit] Introduction

The continuous growth of the world population leads to various implications and challenges for both national states and state societes as well as for international alliances. In 2008, for example, more than half of the world’s population will be living in urban areas. Whereas in less developed countries the population grows, industrial states face a more and more ageing population. At the same time, migration flows will continue and the world wide number of migrants will grow. All these factors demand the development of national and international strategies as regards development, migration and integration politics as well as family and population policies.

The demographic situation of most EU Members States is characterised by a raising life expectancy of their population, whereas at the same time the fertility rates remain low. In Germany, various studies have been published recently dealing with the demograpic situation of the country and future implications, such as the Study The Demographic State of the Nation dealing with the question of how sustainable are Germany’s regions.

[edit] EU Green Paper "Confronting demographic change: a new solidarity between the generations"

The European Union is facing unprecedented demographic changes that will have a major impact on the whole of society. The EU Commission Green Paper "Confronting demographic change" deals with the current developments and implications for the EU Member states. The various challenges that the EU has to confront to reverse demographic decline and the weak natural population increase are presented. It considers that to meet this challenge, the Lisbon Agenda must be resolutely implemented, in particular those policies focusing on getting people into jobs, on innovation and increasing productivity [1]

The Green Paper stresses that it is also necessary to continue modernising social protection systems, especially pensions, to ensure their social and economic sustainability and to enable them to cope with the effects of demographic ageing.

The EU Commission Green Paper of 2005 has initiated a EU wide debate on the implications and consequences of the demographic develpments. The report on the social situation in Europe has a focus on the phenomenon of accelerated ageing of the EU populations and its consequences for the social welfare systems. [2]

[edit] References

  1. European Commission, 2005: Communication from the Commission. Green Paper "Confronting demographic change: a new solidarity between the generations" COM(2005)
  2. The social situation in the European Union 2005-2006. The Balance between Generations in an Ageing Europe Report by the European Commission (en, pdf)

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[edit] External links:

[edit] Further Sources:

  • Linkliste Themenbereich demografischer Wandel auf GEO.de
  • Studienliste Themenbereich demografischer Wandel vom Berlin-Institut für Bevölkerung und Entwicklung
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