Politics and Society/Anti-Discrimination

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[edit] Strategies of the European Union to prevent and fight discrimination

There is already quite a long tradition within the EU to take action against all forms of discrimination. Due to growing evidence of racial discrimination and racism, the EU has been concerned with these issues and advocated to combat them since the beginning of the nineties. Article 13 of the Amsterdam Treaty has built the common institutional framework for combating discrimination at EU level. In 1997, the "European Year against Racism" was launched.

Meanwhile, both the European Union and the EU Member States have set up strategies and measures in the fields of anti-discrimination, diversity and gender equality. At the European level, institutions such as the Anti-discrimination and relations with Civil Society Unit of the European Commission and the Fundamental Rights Agency (former European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia) were established as well as such measures as the European Campaign "For Diversity. Against Discrimination." were initiated. Whereas in 2007, the "European Year of Equal Opportunities for All" was launched, 2008 will be the "European Year of Intercultural Dialogue". At the same time, numerous non-governmental organisations dedicate their work to anti-discrimination issues, such as ENAR - European Network Against Racism and UNITED for Intercultural Action.

[edit] Member States Anti-discrimination strategies

Resulting from the EU Antidiscrimination Directives, all Member States have the obligation to incorporate the rules into national law. The time limit for implementing the directive on racial equality ended on 19. July 2003 whereas for the directive on sexual orientation, religion or belief, disability and age it was the 2. December 2003. Moreover, to the New Meber States who joined the EU in May 2004 had the deadline 2. May was given.

At the time being, however, the respective Member States strategies differ and not all EU countries have even fully implemented the EU directives. By the end of January 2008, the European Commission has sent out both reasoned opinions and letters of formal opinion to eleven Member States [1] due to lacking fulfilment of the obligations resulting from the Council directive establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation (200/78/EC).

[edit] References:

  1. The European Commission, DG Employment, Social Affairs & Equal Opportunities

[edit] External links:

[edit] See also:

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